Arizona Pool Fence Laws


According to the ADHS, drowning is the leading cause of death in Arizona among children 1 – 4 years of age. 19 of them died in 2004. Too many young children are casualties of drowning or near drowning, every year. The Arizona State Legislature recognized this risk to the health and safety of children and promulgated A.R.S. § 36-1681 to stop children from going alone to residential swimming pools.


You MUST be in compliance with the LAW




The following pool safety requirements are for residence with a swimming pool where one or more children under 6 live.
A.R.S. § 36-1681 orders that a swimming pool, or water feature which is 18 inches+ deep at any point and wider than 8 ft at any point and is designed for swimming be protected by an enclosure (wall, fence, or barrier) that surrounds the pool area.

In ground and above ground pools shall meet the following enclosure requirements:

  • All-surrounding enclosed by at least a 5 feet wall, fence or other barrier
  • Safety System shall be at least 20 inches from the water’s edge.
  • The wall, fence or barrier shall not contain:
    • Gaps through which something 4 inches in diameter can pass.
    • Handholds or footholds accessible from the exterior side of the enclosure that can be used to climb the wall, fence or barrier
  • The horizontal parts of any enclosure system shall be spaced not less than 45 inches apart measured vertically or shall be placed on the swimming pool side of a wall, fence or barrier which shall not have any opening greater than 1.3/4 inches measured horizontally.
  • Wire mesh or chain link fences shall have a maximum mesh size of 1. ¾ inches measured horizontally.

If a residence or living area constitutes part of the enclosure required above of the requirements, there shall be one of the following:

  • Between the swimming pool and the residence or living area, a minimum 4 foot wall, fence or barrier to the pool area which meets all of the requirements above.
  • The pool shall be protected by a motorized safety pool cover which requires the operation of a key switch which meets the American society of testing and materials emergency standards 13-89 and which does not require manual operation other than the use of the key switch.
  • All ground level doors or other doors with direct access to the swimming pool or other contained body of water shall be equipped with a self-latching device which meets the requirements below.
  • Emergency escape or rescue windows from sleeping rooms with access to the swimming pool or other contained body of water shall be equipped with a latching device not less than 54 inches above the floor.
  • All other open able dwelling unit or guest room windows with similar access shall be equipped with a screwed in place wire mesh screen, or a keyed lock that prevents opening the window more than 4 inches, or a latching device located not less than 54 inches above the floor.
  • Above ground swimming pool must have non-climbable exterior sides which are a minimum height of 4 feet. Any access ladder or steps shall be removable without tools and secured in an inaccessible position with a latching device not less than fifty-4 inches above the ground when the pool is not in use.

    Gates for the enclosure shall:

  • Be self-closing and self-latching:
    • with the latch located at least 54 inches above the underlying ground or
    • on the pool side of the gate with a release mechanism at least 5 inches below the top of the gate and no opening greater than 1/2 inch within 24 inches of the release mechanism or
    • be secured by a padlock or similar device which requires a key, electric opener or
    • Integral combination which can have the latch at any height.
  • Open outward from the pool.


WARNING pictures
The state requirements contained in A.R.S. § 36-1681 may be superseded by local requirements that are equal to or more restrictive than the state requirements.


Please note that legislators are constantly updating the pool safety codes and that this information can change without notice.  Please contact your local state or federal agencies for the most up to date information.   To receive a free estimate for a swimming pool fence in your area, please contact Aquaguard Pool Fences.